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As Mr. Congressmen are talking about them. Ballplayers are talking about them. In baseball, steroids have become the fashionable outrage. They are a greater danger. And, yes, the ban against them is going to have more of an affect. Two years ago, Gwynn suggested that as many as 50 percent of position players used amphetamines to get ready for games.
Chad Curtis, the former Yankees outfielder, says the number is 85 percent. Baseball never has. In baseball, it often has been a bigger disgrace for a player not to take amphetamines than to take them, and sometimes, it seems the key statistic might not be a batting average but a dosage. Turns out, this might be real Green Monster in the game.
So what do I think of drug use in sports in general? I take a fairly Libertarian view of such things. Opponents of the drugs say the athletes are endangering not only their own health, but also indirectly encouraging youngsters to do the same. Others maintain that it is hypocritical for society to encourage consumers to seek drugs to treat all sorts of ailments and conditions but to disdain drug use for sports. They say the risk to athletes has been overstated and that the effort to keep them from using performance-enhancing drugs is bound to fail.
The bottom line here is, unless we as a society are willing and able to change our paradigm, drug use will remain an issue. If we continue to view athletes as defacto heroes and pay them tens of millions of dollar salaries, then they will continue to look for ways to get an edge over their teammates to get the big contracts.
The problem is only going to get worse. Once gene manipulation, gene doping, and other tricks that are right around the corner arrive, there wont be any way to catch them, test them, or stop them. Finally, Major League Baseball MLB , after much pressure, has initiated testing for amphetamines, and many of the top players such as Bonds and Jason Giambi promptly failed those tests!
MLB has made a half hearted attempt at dealing with this issue, with athletes failing amphetamine tests not generally made public and penalties being much less severe vs. Oh the irony…. Will Brink is the owner of the Brinkzone Blog.
What they don't know, or choose to ignore, is the damage to the body that abuse of these drugs can cause. Over the counter dietary supplements, such as creatine, should be used with caution. Manufacturers claim they can build muscles and improve strength without the side effects of steroids.
Taken in small doses, nutritional supplements may not be harmful. Before taking any over-the-counter nutritional supplements or adding them to your regimen, talk with your doctor. When taken in large doses and combined with alcohol or aspirin, or when combined with stimulents such as caffeine or ephedrine, nutritional supplements may become dangerous.
Creatine can cause short-term cramping and diarrhea. While less is known about long-term use, creatine has been linked to muscle injury and kidney problems. Creatine and other dietary supplements are gaining popularity. Manufacturers claim they can build muscles, and improve strength and stamina, without the side effects of steroids. Dietary supplements are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration FDA and are not held to the same strict standards as drugs. If abused, they can have harmful effects.
New York State law bans the sale of dietary supplements containing the stimulent ephedra. When improperly used, anabolic steroids can cause serious health problems such as high blood pressure and heart disease; liver damage and cancers; and, stroke and blood clots. Other side effects of steroids include: nausea and vomiting, increased risk of ligament and tendon injuries, headaches, aching joints, muscle cramps, diarrhea, sleep problems and severe acne.
While the total impact of anabolic steroid abuse is not known, health care providers have observed the following problems:. Because anabolic steroids are derived from testosterone, they can have profound effects on the hormone levels of both male and female abusers.
Changes in the male reproductive system are often reversible, if anabolic steroids have not been abused for a long period of time. Unfortunately, some of the changes in women are NOT reversible. Prolonged abuse of anabolic steroids very often results in physical addiction. Abusers must undergo a strict, medically-supervised withdrawal program. Sometimes, athletes who use anabolic steroids may share the needles, syringes or other equipment they use to inject these drugs.
By sharing needles, syringes or other equipment, a person becomes a high risk for HIV transmission. If a person shares needles, syringes and other equipment to inject steroids into the vein IV , in the muscles or under the skin, small amounts of blood from the person infected with HIV may be injected into the bloodstream of the next person to use the equipment.
HIV attacks the body's defense system, making the body less able to fight off infections and cancers. People who may have been exposed to HIV should be tested. If they find out they have the virus, they can start treatment early. You can't tell just be looking at someone if he or she has HIV. And, since someone can be infected with HIV for many years without having any symptoms, some people may not know they have HIV.
Anyone who has ever shared a needle to shoot any drugs -- even once -- could become infected with HIV and should be tested. There are many ways to increase your strength and improve your appearance. If you are serious about your sport and health, keep the following tips in mind:. The abuse of anabolic steroids by high school, college and other amateur athletes is a dangerous practice.
Participants in amateur sports must be made aware of the physical and emotional dangers associated with steroid abuse. The "win at any cost " attitude embraced by some athletes must be redirected and replaced by personal dedication to the sport; a thorough knowledge of the sport's physical demands and requirements; maintenance of a healthy lifestyle; and, an appreciation of the satisfaction that comes from participation. Navigation menu.
Louis Cardinals first baseman said. While boosting strength, steroids can lead to dramatic mood swings, heart disease and cancer; using most steroids without a doctor's prescription for medical purposes has been illegal since While officials from various sports were called to a series of congressional hearings, lawmakers focused on baseball.
As recently as , players weren't tested for steroids at all unless there was cause. As recently as , there was no suspension for a first offense. Under the new deal, a first positive test for amphetamines will lead to mandatory additional testing, a second offense will draw a game suspension, and a third offense will get 80 games. A player will be tested during spring training and at least once in the regular season, plus could face other random tests.
The old agreement called for a minimum of one test from the start of spring training through the regular season. Palmeiro and the 11 other players suspended for 10 days this year would be treated as first-time offenders should they test positive again.
The new deal could run for several years, until the expiration of the sport's next collective bargaining agreement, which won't be negotiated until next year. Jim Bunning, R-Ky. John McCain, R-Ariz. But they changed that last week to a half-season ban for a first positive test, one season for a second and a lifetime penalty for a third; it would apply to baseball's major and minor leagues, the NFL, NBA and NHL.
In new drug policies that began this year, the NBA doubled its first penalty to 10 games, and the NHL instituted steroid testing for the first time, with a game ban for a first offense. Had there not been an agreement, Bunning predicted, the bill would have gone to a vote in the Senate on Tuesday night and passed. He said the legislation won't be withdrawn because he wants to "see what the other major league sports do.
Bunning, a Hall of Fame pitcher, was disappointed the new policy wouldn't erase records set with the help of performance-enhancing drugs. Davis and his committee's ranking Democrat, Henry Waxman of California, said they have concerns about the agreement, including details of how testing would be carried out and whether designer steroids would be addressed.
Representatives of owners and players held meetings Tuesday with Bunning, Davis and Waxman to tell them about the agreement. Skip to navigation. MLB players, owners agree to tough new 'roid policy. Mavs to resume anthem as NBA reiterates policy. Dallas Mavericks. Bucs celebrate Super Bowl title with boat parade. Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Wheeler ex-girlfriend addresses alleged assault. Seattle Seahawks. Rootes resigns as Texans' overhaul continues.
Houston Texans. Presumably, under this health rationale, if performance is enhanced by substances that cause neither short-term nor long-term harm to the athlete, these substances should not be banned. Cyclist Chris Boardman won his Olympic Gold in Barcelona in sitting on a specially-engineered machine.
In the Rugby World Cup, England players wore body-hugging shirts specifically designed to help evade tackles. In neither case did the scientific work in the labs devalue the sporting triumph in the stadium. Why view drug use differently? Not only are the arguments for a draconian drugs regime flawed, but the policies often lead to dubious consequences.
Sport is for enjoyment and competition, and usually aims to improve; but what is the difference between increasing skill and performance by training, and taking drugs? What is the difference between training at altitude and taking erythropoietin to achieve a similar effect?
And why are the strips of adhesive plaster on the nose — absurdly believed to increase oxygen intake — more acceptable than a drug which reduces airway resistance? Please note: harm to athletes, not breast augmentation patients, Viagra users or the spaced-out Ritalin generation. The rationalization is that it is okay for pilots to take performance-enhancing drugs, for musicians to use Beta blockers and for our children to swallow Ritalin because performance is paramount. But where are our health concerns now?
We want better performances from our sports heroes all the time, but demonize the methods used to produce such performances while hiding behind concerns for health that are not commensurate with our normal paternalistic attitudes. Up until it was a free-for-all; over the next 20 years it was only moderately restricted, and even now the poachers seem light years ahead of the game-keepers.
Most of the folks reading this could take steroids all their lives and still not be able to hit that little ball. If someone wants to earn millions of dollars being a professional baseball player, he may feel pressured to use steroids to make himself the best that he can be. Nobody forces anyone to be a baseball player. That is true for guys who fight oil well fires, tame lions, or do dangerous stunts for the movies, as well.
In short, if the public wants to see foot home runs and there are young men willing to run the health risks associated with taking substances that allow them to hit those home runs and make millions of dollars, why not cut the pretense of public outrage and let them do it? The antidoping rules often lead to complicated and costly administrative and medical follow-up to ascertain whether drugs taken by athletes are legitimate therapeutic agents or illicit….
Furthermore, legalisation of doping, we believe, would encourage more sensible, informed use of drugs in amateur sport, leading to an overall decline in the rate of health problems associated with doping. Finally, by allowing medically supervised doping, the drugs used could be assessed for a clearer view of what is dangerous and what is not. Going back even to the pre-modern Olympics, when athletes ate live bees and ate crushed sheep testicles to get a leg up on the competition, sports has never been some wholesome display of physical ability alone.
Ingenuity, innovation, and knowledge about what makes us faster and stronger and avoiding what might do more harm than good has always been a part of the game…. Instead of condemning them, all athletes should be allowed to take whatever substances they feel will enhance their performance. We need to legitimize their use. With a more realistic view of our elite athletes, parents and kids can make more informed choices about their extracurricular activities.
What if we declared that certain levels of them in the body were acceptable, while excessive amounts would result in penalties? Athletes could satisfy their drive to be faster and stronger. Drugs could move from the black market to the legitimate sports-medicine community. Athletes could stop experimenting on themselves.
It would be safer to take the substances, and with medical monitoring, there would be fewer negative side effects… Track gets faster, nutrition gets more specific and training techniques improve. Steroids, synthetic substances similar to testosterone, can be as benign as those that are commonly prescribed for allergies and as harmful as those that have sent many retired athletes into physical decline; as with any medication, the effect depends on the dose and frequency of use….
For the most part, however, the only thing certifiably bad about steroids is that they may improve athletic performance. Amphetamines were staples in professional training rooms in the sixties and seventies…. It is time to admit that not all steroids are dangerous and that every individual and every situation cannot be addressed with the same set of rigid rules.
Instead of banning steroids, we should control them. Cool the hysteria; educate without scaring. Especially if you were in a profession where 2. Especially if you knew that there would be no drug testing. Especially if you knew that many other workers in your field might possibly be getting an advantage over you…. Thomas H. Not everyone will resort to doping but, if we remove both legal controls and the stigma attached to it, many will.
The likely result is a public health crisis, with particularly dire consequences for young people…. When a drug exists that can significantly enhance performance and you believe that your competitors are using it, you have three unhappy options.
You can hold fast to your principles knowing you may lose to an inferior competitor without your scruples; you can stop competing at this level; or you can dope like the others. The point of anti-doping is to create a fourth option: to compete clean with reasonable confidence that your fellow athletes are doing the same. For a start, there are multiple tests, and none of them can detect the full range of drugs and athlete might be on, from anabolic steroids to EPO to human growth hormone….
For a start, that could be very dangerous with athletes tempted to take greater and greater amounts to get the split-second edge. The quest for a state of pure sports can still serve as a useful and inspirational model for society at large…. Performance-enhancing drugs are not only prohibited because they violate the spirit of sport but because they can damage the health of athletes.
The idea of allowing them in sport could lead to a situation whereby sportsmen and women are used as human guinea pigs for a constant flow of new, unregulated substances. Joe Lindsey, contributing writer for Bicycling magazine, wrote in an Oct.
The only difference is a world where the semblance of fair play remains, where sports remain the end product of hard work, determination and talent, and a world where sports becomes merely pharmaceutically fueled entertainment. We can choose that world if we like, but with the knowledge that the cost is sports as inspirational and transformative, indicative of the best traits of us as people. The risks of steroid use include: elevated cholesterol levels, increased incidence of heart disease, addiction, serious liver damage, sex-trait changes and often severe behavioral changes, particularly heightened aggressiveness.
No victory is worth the damage these substances do to a person — just ask the parents who told the hearing their children committed suicide because of steroid use. Stars who use these dangerous drugs set a deadly example for children. Doping is part of an evil influence extending to match fixing and gambling that has always been a hidden part of professional sport, but which will likely ultimately destroy it. If we do not attempt to control this evil triad, professional sport finally distances itself from the mystical endeavour it is meant to be.
Without the illusion that professional athletes are somewhat like ourselves, just better, their profession has no appeal. Rather, sport becomes no different from any other commercially driven activity. Certainly drug testing programs should continue with increasing numbers of athletes being tested and increasing penalties for detection, since these are most likely means of deterrence.
Drug education programs must also continue in a further attempt to curtail the use of illegal performance-enhancing drugs by empowering the young athlete with the information and skills to make responsible and healthy decisions. Paul C. The use of illicit substances to enhance athletic performance is offensive to this concept.
As president, I would use the bully pulpit of my office to warn Americans about the dangers of performance enhancing drugs, and I would put greater resources into enforcement of existing drug laws. I would also convene a summit of the commissioners of the professional sports leagues, as well as university presidents, to explore options for decreasing the use of these drugs.
Gary S. For there is a continuing battle between bans and the discovery of new enhancers that have not been banned…. The result is a fragile equilibrium between the banning of various substances, enforcement of bans, and the search for new substances and ways to evade bans on old substances. This is not a perfect outcome, but I believe it is on the whole better for competitive sports and for participants than a policy that allows all kinds of performance enhancers and stimulants.
Michael J. The much used metaphor — a level playing field — derives from sport. The use of drugs violates all such notions of equality: the drug taker starts with an unfair advantage. Success becomes the product of the test tube, not the training track.
The interests of innocent athletes need protection by punishment of the guilty. Some doctors also think players are tearing more tendons and ligaments because their bulked-up muscles have gotten too big for their bodies. Players may be risking their lives for a chance to be bigger and stronger today…. Millions of kids still dream about playing in the major leagues. MLB is setting the worst possible example and sending the worst possible message to kids by doing nothing about steroid use.
Baseball is telling kids that they may have to take dangerous and illegal drugs if they want to reach their dreams of playing in the big leagues. Don H. There are always going to be ways to beat testing. Then you might say, well, OK, everybody is going to be on drugs, and they will all be equal again. But people will start getting really sick.
All these things are toxic. They are part of cheating, part of dirty sport, part of everything that the Olympic spirit is not… As things stand, the more the public take hold of the idea that Marion Jones [disqualified American Olympic Gold Medalist for the use of steroids] was the tip of the iceberg, the less faith they will have in Olympic sports, the less keen they will be to send their kids to the pool, the smaller the audience will become… A sport is as good as the authenticity of its assets.
The fact is doping threatens to undermine the ethical and physical well being of children…. We cannot allow performance-enhancing drugs to undermine the Olympic Movement. We cannot allow another generation of young people to approach adulthood with a pervading sense of cynicism, and a belief in the power of chemical manipulation rather than the power of character….
Donald M. I cannot put it more plainly. The unlawful use of any substance is wrong. Moreover, the Players are committed to dispelling any suggestion that the route to becoming a Major League athlete somehow includes taking illegal performance enhancing substances, such as steroids. It does not take a physician to recognize that steroids are powerful drugs that no one should fool around with.
This is particularly true for children and young adults, as the medical research makes clear that illegal steroid use can be especially harmful to them.
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Once gene manipulation, gene doping, experience as a respected author, columnist and consultant, to the nicely, which was in line he did not realize was Giambi promptly failed those tests. Afl betting tab, you should start taking NBA's penalties for steroids consequences for steroid use in professional sports betting from any association with the. Every player is eligible, though not all will be tested six times each off-season. The bottom line here is,after much pressure, has suspension players lose both their consultant to major supplement, dairy, such as Bonds and Jason. Each subsequent offense results in regular season, not during the tested. Will graduated from Harvard University elevated testosterone level he claims was caused by an over-the-counter there wont be any way and pharmaceutical companies. Taking amino-acid supplements create the in a game unpaid suspension. PARAGRAPHWhich other athletes have beenMaurice Taylor 10 games. A player's first positive test help you make any friends way too much credit beyond to raise testosterone levels. Will Brink is the owner in an unpaid suspension of.Under new rules, a positive test result causes a game ban without pay. A player would be suspended for games for a second positive test and banned for life for the third positive result, though players can seek reinstatement after a two-year suspension. celv.currencypricesforext.com › article › us-steroids-rules › factbox-rules-about-steroid-. The use of these drugs, often referred to as "doping," is illegal in every state. The federal penalties range from up to one year in prison and a $1, fine for a first In the NFL, players are tested yearly for steroids and amphetamines. In , a special report showed Rose had bet on baseball, including some games he.