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Eligibility rules were developed based on the age, sex, birthplace, and previous performance of horses and the qualifications of riders. Races were created in which owners were the riders gentlemen riders , in which the field was restricted geographically to a township or county, and in which only horses that had not won more than a certain amount were entered.
Contemporary accounts identified riders in England called jockeys—if professional—from the second half of the 17th century and later in French racing , but their names were not at first officially recorded. Only the names of winning trainers and riders were at first recorded in the Racing Calendar , but by the late s all were named. All horse racing on the flat except quarter-horse racing involves Thoroughbred horses. Thoroughbreds evolved from a mixture of Arab, Turk, and Barb horses with native English stock.
Private studbooks had existed from the early 17th century, but they were not invariably reliable. After a few years of revision, it was updated annually. The long-standing reciprocity among studbooks of various countries was broken in by the Jersey Act passed by the English Jockey Club, which disqualified many Thoroughbred horses bred outside England or Ireland.
The purpose of the act was ostensibly to protect the British Thoroughbred from infusions of North American mainly U. Beginning in , five-year-olds carrying pounds Other racing for four-year-olds was well established by then, and a race for three-year-olds carrying pounds 51 kg in one 3-mile 4. Heat racing for four-year-olds continued in the United States until the s. Horse racing Article Media Additional Info.
Article Contents. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites.
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Britannica Quiz. Turn Up the Heat. What is the inner edge of an auto-racing track called? How long is the route of the Tour de France in kilometers? Whether you bike, jog, or drive, turn up the heat in this heat , and see if you qualify as an encyclopedic athlete. Under the new regulations, the IRS will consider the inclusion of a bettor's entire investment in a single pari-mutuel pool when determining the amount reported or withheld for tax purposes, as opposed to only the amount wagered on the correct result.
The amended regulations, advocated by the NTRA and its legislative team, define the "amount of the wager" to include the entire amount wagered into a specific pari-mutuel pool by an individual - not just the winning base unit as is the case today - so long as all wagers made into a specific pool by an individual are made on a single totalisator ticket if the wager is placed onsite. The modernized regulations will have the same positive results for ADW customers and will not impact how those wagers are currently made.
The NTRA has pushed for the modernization of pari-mutuel withholding and reporting rules for several years. As more and more pari-mutuel wagering was directed toward exotic wagering pools it become clear that the tax rules were becoming an increasing and unfair burden on horseplayers as those outdated rules significantly increased the incidence of winning tickets subject to withholding and reporting.
Bill Farish. Waldrop noted that the NTRA has been working behind the scenes since January with industry groups - including totalisator companies, ADWs, and racing organizations - to ensure a smooth implementation for customers. Account: Forgot. PIN Forgot. View new rule under section q of the IRS Code.
Learn More. Horse Betting News. Watching race replays is an invaluable handicapping tool for horse betting. Sam F.
The Department is the designated authority for the scheme for betting information use charges and the scheme for consumption charges. Compare: No 3 s 65AD 1. The function of the designated authority in relation to the scheme for betting information use charges is to enforce the scheme, including by—. The function of the designated authority in relation to the scheme for consumption charges is to implement the scheme, including by—.
The designated authority has the powers specified in, or prescribed under, this subpart. Compare: No 3 s 65AD 2 , 3. In deciding whether to delegate any functions or powers under this section, the chief executive must take into account whether—.
A person or entity to whom any functions or powers have been delegated may perform or exercise them in the same manner and with the same effect as if they had been conferred on the person or entity directly by this Act and not by delegation. A person or entity purporting to act under a delegation is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, presumed to be acting in accordance with the terms of the delegation.
Compare: No 3 s 65AE. The relevant racing code, relevant New Zealand national sporting organisation, or Sport and Recreation New Zealand or a relevant nominee must not unreasonably withhold permission under subsection 1 for an offshore betting operator to use New Zealand racing and sporting information.
Compare: No 3 s 65AF. Compare: No 3 s 65AG. The designated authority may issue a penalty notice to an offshore betting operator if it is satisfied the operator has used New Zealand racing and sporting information in the conduct of its betting operations in contravention of section An offshore betting operator who is issued with a penalty notice under this section—.
A penalty notice under this section must be in the prescribed form if any and be issued in the prescribed manner. If, after being issued with a penalty notice under this section, an offshore betting operator continues to use New Zealand racing and sporting information in contravention of section , the designated authority may issue a further penalty notice to the operator that requires it pay a penalty that is 2 times the amount specified in the original notice.
As soon as practicable after issuing a penalty notice, the designated authority must publish a copy of the notice on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the designated authority. An offshore betting operator must pay consumption charges to the designated authority in respect of bets that it takes on racing and sporting events, held in or outside New Zealand, from persons resident in New Zealand.
Section 8B of the Goods and Services Tax Act applies for the purpose of determining whether a person referred to in subsection 1 is resident in New Zealand as if the offshore betting operator were a supplier of remote services under that Act. Compare: No 3 s 65AJ. The Minister must set the rates of the consumption charges that offshore betting operators must pay—. The Minister may set the rates by way of specified figures or methods of calculation.
Before setting or adjusting rates under this section, the Minister must consult the following:. An offshore betting operator who is required to pay consumption charges must provide the prescribed information to the designated authority for the purpose of enabling the authority to monitor the amounts due as consumption charges. Compare: No 3 s 65AL. The designated authority may issue a penalty notice to an offshore betting operator if it is satisfied that the operator has—.
The amount stated in the notice must be the amount specified in, or calculated in accordance with, regulations made under section As soon as practicable after issuing a penalty notice under this section, the designated authority must publish a copy of the notice on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the designated authority. Compare: No 3 s 65AS. Compare: No 3 s 65AO. The designated authority must distribute the money received from consumption charges to any 1 or more of the persons specified in, and in the amount determined in accordance with, regulations made under section Compare: No 3 s 65AP.
The amount payable as a penalty under either of section or section must not exceed—. Compare: No 3 s 65AT. Outstanding consumption charges and penalties payable by an offshore betting operator under section or constitute a debt due to the designated authority, and the designated authority may issue legal proceedings for recovery of the debt from the offshore betting operator.
The courts of New Zealand are the courts with jurisdiction to hear and determine proceedings for recovery of the debt. Compare: No 3 s 65AU. Subsection 3 applies if an offshore betting operator pays a penalty amount, and, on review or in legal proceedings, it is found that the betting operator was not liable for the penalty or any part of the penalty.
The designated authority must, as soon as practicable, refund to the offshore betting operator the amount of the penalty or part of the penalty for which the offshore betting operator was not liable. Compare: No 3 s 65AV. An offshore betting operator may appeal to the District Court against a decision of the designated authority to issue a penalty notice under section or If an appeal is made, the District Court must determine whether the decision to issue the notice is appropriate.
Compare: No 3 s 65AW. The Governor-General may, by Order in Council made on the recommendation of the Minister, make regulations for all or any of the following purposes:. Regulations made under this section may provide differently for different classes of offshore betting operator.
Regulations made under this section are not invalid merely because they confer any discretion on, or allow any matter to be determined or approved by, any person. Compare: No 3 s 65AX. This section applies if a dispute arises in relation to a matter specified in subsection 2 and the parties are unable, after a reasonable attempt, to resolve the matter by agreement.
In making a determination, the independent expert must investigate the matter and have regard to submissions from each party but is not required to conduct a hearing. The parties must provide the independent expert with any assistance the independent expert may reasonably request. After due consideration, the independent expert must provide a written determination of the matter to the parties. No person or association of persons, whether a body corporate or not, may have or use any name calculated to suggest connection with, or endorsement by, TAB NZ or a racing code, or any name containing the words—.
If an Act provides for the registration of any association of persons, the registering authority may refuse registration if, in its opinion, the use of the name by which the association wishes to be registered is prohibited by subsection 1. Compare: No s 29; No 3 s Compare: No s B; No 3 s Compare: No 3 s 68A , Schedule 3.
Amend the enactments specified in Schedule 5 as set out in that schedule. The Racing Act No 3 is repealed. Agency member means a person appointed under section 11 of the former Act. Racing Integrity Unit Limited means the company of that name incorporated on 5 November under company number to oversee integrity in the New Zealand racing industry under the former Act.
This clause applies to rules made under sections 29 , 34 , 52 , or 54 of the former Act and in force immediately before the commencement of this clause. The rules continue in force on and after the commencement of this clause, with any necessary modifications, as if they were made under section 37 , 40 , 76 , or 78 as the case may be.
This clause applies to a betting licence issued by the Agency under section 45 of the former Act and in force immediately before the commencement of this clause. The betting licence continues in force on and after the commencement of this clause and must be treated as if it were issued by TAB NZ under section 68 of this Act. As soon as practicable after commencement of this clause, the Minister may appoint an establishment board for the purposes of managing the orderly transition from the racing integrity system under the former Act to the racing integrity system under this Act.
The establishment board may consist of up to 5 members appointed by the Minister after considering nominations from each racing code and TAB NZ. The establishment board is dissolved on the close of the day before the date on which sections 42 to 50 come into force. On and after the date on which sections 42 to 50 come into force, every employee of the Judicial Control Authority and Racing Integrity Unit Limited becomes an employee a transferred employee of the Racing Integrity Board on the same terms and conditions that applied to the person immediately before they became an employee of the Racing Integrity Board.
For the purposes of every enactment, law, determination, contract, and agreement relating to the employment of the transferred employee,—. To avoid doubt, the employment of a transferred employee by the Racing Integrity Board does not constitute new employment for the purposes of any service-related benefits, whether legislative or otherwise.
Part 6A of the Employment Relations Act ; and. This clause applies if, on and after the date on which sections 42 to 50 come into force, TAB NZ transfers any of its rights, assets, or liabilities to the Racing Integrity Board. Subclause 2 has effect whether or not any Act, deed, or agreement relating to any right, asset, or liability permits the vesting or requires any consent to the vesting.
This clause applies to a person who, immediately before the commencement of this clause, held office as an inspector under section 47 of the former Act. The person continues in office on and after the commencement of this clause as if the person were appointed under section 51 of this Act. On and after the commencement of this clause, a reference to the Racing Integrity Board in section must be read as a reference to the Racing Integrity Unit Limited until the date on which sections 42 to 50 come into force.
This clause applies to all rights, assets, and liabilities that the Agency had immediately before the commencement of this clause. Nothing effected or authorised by clause 12 ,—. TAB NZ must perform the duties of the Agency under sections 13 and 21 of the former Act for the racing year or part of the racing year ending on the day before the commencement of this clause.
On and after the commencement of this clause, every Agency employee becomes an employee a transferred employee of TAB NZ on the same terms and conditions that applied to the person immediately before they became an employee of TAB NZ. To avoid doubt, the employment of a transferred employee by TAB NZ does not constitute new employment for the purposes of any service-related benefits, whether legislative or otherwise.
This clause applies to every Agency venue established by the Agency under the former Act and in existence immediately before commencement of this clause. On and after commencement of this clause, the Agency venue must be treated as if it were a TAB venue for the purposes of this Act and the provisions of this Act relating to TAB venues apply to it accordingly. This clause applies to a territorial authority consent granted by a territorial authority in respect of an Agency venue under section 65C of the former Act and in force immediately before commencement of this clause.
The territorial authority consent continues in force on and after commencement of this clause and must be treated as if it were granted in respect of the corresponding TAB venue under section This clause applies to an Agency venue policy adopted in respect of an Agency venue under section 65E of the former Act and in force immediately before commencement of this clause.
The policy continues in force on and after commencement of this clause and must be treated as if it were a TAB venue policy adopted in respect of the corresponding TAB venue under section This clause applies to an agreement entered by the Agency with a New Zealand national sporting organisation under section 55 of the former Act or with Sport and Recreation New Zealand under section 55A of that Act and in force immediately before commencement of this clause.
The agreement continues in force, on and after commencement of this clause, according to its terms as if it were entered into by TAB NZ. In this clause, existing betting information use agreement means an agreement between the Agency and any offshore betting operator that—. Subpart 1 of Part 5 does not affect any existing betting information use agreement and the agreement continues in force, on and after commencement of this clause, according to its terms as if it were entered into by TAB NZ as if it were the nominee of the relevant racing code or codes and the offshore betting operator.
Subpart 1 of Part 5 does not affect the racing betting information use agreement, and the agreement continues in force according to its terms. Subpart 1 of Part 5 does not affect the agreement, and the agreement continues in force according to its terms. Despite section 2 , the designated authority may issue a penalty notice to an offshore betting operator that is contravening, or has contravened, section that requires the operator to pay 3 times the average amount specified in the relevant betting information use agreement between the Agency and the operator that was in force immediately before the commencement of this clause.
Despite clause 11 , all Agency members holding office immediately before the commencement of this clause—. An Agency member is not entitled to any compensation or other payment or benefit for the loss of office. TAB NZ, as soon as practicable after the end of a racing year, must determine the amount to be distributed among the racing codes for that year from any surpluses referred to in sections 77 2 and 82 2 , or any other source whether capital or income.
Unless a majority of the racing codes otherwise agrees in writing, the amount referred to in subclause 2 must be not less than the total of the surpluses referred to in sections 77 2 and 82 2 for that racing year less the total amount credited to reserves for that year from those surpluses. Unless a majority of the racing codes otherwise agrees in writing, the amount referred to in subclause 2 must be distributed among the racing codes in the same proportions that TAB NZ considers are the proportions to which the codes contributed to the New Zealand turnover of TAB NZ for that racing year.
To avoid doubt, a distribution made in accordance with subclause 1 may have retrospective effect. No person may be represented by counsel at any hearing or adjudicative process in respect of any matter that arises on any race day and that is held on that day. Subclause 1 does not apply to a hearing of an adjudicative committee that is not held on the race day on which the subject matter of the hearing arose, or to a hearing held by an appeals tribunal. Compare: No 3 Schedule 3 cl Any person properly entitled, by or under relevant racing rules, to appeal to an appeals tribunal may do so.
An appeal properly brought under the relevant racing rules must be heard and determined by an appeals tribunal in accordance with those rules. No person is entitled to appeal to any appeals tribunal against any decision made on the day of a race in respect of placings in that race or stakes payable for those placings.
Nothing in subclause 1 prevents an adjudicative committee, at any time after the day of any race, from disqualifying a horse for a race, and making any order the committee considers appropriate as to the alteration of the placings in the race and the stakes payable for those placings,—.
If an adjudicative committee decides, after the day of a race, that a horse should be disqualified for the race on any ground referred to in subclause 2 , the owner of the horse may appeal against the decision to an appeals tribunal. Witnesses and counsel appearing before an adjudicative committee or an appeals tribunal have the same privileges and immunities that they would have in proceedings in the District Court. No member of the Racing Integrity Board or person who is a member of an adjudicative committee or an appeals tribunal is personally liable—.
Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 1. Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 2. The Minister may, by giving written notice to the member, remove the member from office at any time, without compensation, for inability to perform the duties of office, bankruptcy, neglect of duty, or misconduct proved to the satisfaction of the Minister. The Minister may only remove a person under subclause 2 after the Minister has given the person an opportunity to be heard.
Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 3. The functions and powers of TAB NZ or the governing body are not affected by any vacancy in the membership of the governing body. Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 4. Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 5. A TAB NZ member or person who is a member of any committee of the governing body is not personally liable—. Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 6. No person may question the following in any proceedings on the grounds that the occasion for the appointment of the person had not arisen or had ceased:.
Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 7. A TAB NZ member who except as a member has a direct or indirect interest in any of the matters listed in subclause 2 except a betting transaction must, as soon as practicable after the TAB NZ member knows about the relevant facts, disclose the nature of the interest in accordance with clause Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 8.
A TAB NZ member is interested in a transaction to which the governing body is a party only if the member—. Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl 9. A TAB NZ member must, immediately after becoming aware of the fact that the member is interested in a transaction or proposed transaction with TAB NZ, cause to be entered in the interests register, and disclosed to the governing body,—.
A general notice entered in the interests register or disclosed to TAB NZ to the effect that a TAB NZ member is a shareholder, director, officer, member, or trustee of another named company or other person and is to be regarded as interested in any transaction that may, after the date of the entry or disclosure, be entered into with that company or person is a sufficient disclosure of interest in relation to that transaction.
Compare: No 3 Schedule 1 cl A TAB NZ member must not disclose to any person, or make use of or act on, any information that is available to the member only in that capacity. A TAB NZ member, when exercising powers or performing duties as a TAB NZ member, may rely on reports, statements, financial data, and other information prepared or supplied, and on professional or expert advice given, by any of the following persons:.
Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the governing body may regulate its own procedure. The governing body or the chairperson must appoint the dates, times, and places for meetings of the governing body and give notice of those meetings to each TAB NZ member who is not present when the appointment is made. No business other than that stated in a notice of special meeting may be transacted at that meeting.
A quorum for a meeting of the governing body is a majority of the TAB NZ members holding office at the time the meeting is held. No business may be transacted at a meeting of the governing body if a quorum is not present. The chairperson must preside at all meetings of the governing body at which the chairperson is present. If the chairperson is not present, or if there is no chairperson, the deputy chairperson, if present, must preside.
The TAB NZ members present must appoint one of their number to be the chairperson for the meeting if—. A person appointed under subclause 3 has and may exercise all the powers, duties, and functions of the chairperson for the purposes of the meeting. All resolutions of the governing body must be decided by a majority of the votes cast. A resolution in writing signed or assented to by letter, fax, or email by all TAB NZ members is as valid and effectual as if it had been passed at a meeting of the governing body duly called and constituted.
The resolution may consist of several documents in like form, each signed or appearing to have been sent by 1 or more TAB NZ members. A contract or other enforceable obligation may be entered into by TAB NZ as stated in subclauses 2 to 5. TAB NZ may, by an instrument in writing executed in accordance with clause 24 1 , appoint a person as its attorney either generally or in relation to a specific matter.
Subject to subclause 2 , the governing body may, by writing either generally or specifically, delegate any of the functions or powers of TAB NZ to a committee of the governing body or to any person. A person to whom any functions or powers are delegated may carry out those functions or exercise those powers in the same manner and with the same effect as if they had been conferred on the person directly and not by delegation subject to any direction given, or condition imposed, by the governing body.
A person purporting to act under a delegation is, in the absence of proof to the contrary, presumed to be acting in accordance with the terms of the delegation. The governing body may, by resolution, alter, discharge, continue, or reconstitute a committee appointed under subclause 1.
A committee may regulate its own procedure, subject to any direction from the governing body. Clauses 7 to 22 apply to the committee. The chief executive must be appointed on the terms and conditions that are determined by the governing body. For the purpose of providing a superannuation fund or retiring allowances for its employees, the governing body may pay sums by way of a subsidy or a contribution into any retirement scheme within the meaning of section 6 1 of the Financial Markets Conduct Act A performance and efficiency audit must be conducted, at least once every 5 years, in relation to how effectively and efficiently TAB NZ is performing its functions under section Compare: No s C 2 , 3 ; No 3 Schedule 2 cl 1.
At least 4 months before the day on which an audit is to be conducted, TAB NZ must consult the Minister and each recognised industry organisation regarding the terms of reference for the audit. However, subclauses 1 , 2 , and 3 require TAB NZ to consult and seek approval from a racing code only if there is no provision in any commercial agreement between TAB NZ and that racing code or all racing codes providing for consultation by TAB NZ with that racing code or all racing codes and setting out a process for the approval of terms of reference for the audit.
If the Minister is not satisfied with any proposed terms of reference, the Minister may determine those terms by giving written notice to TAB NZ. Compare: No s C 4 — 9 ; No 3 Schedule 2 cl 2. A performance audit must be conducted by a person not being a member, former member, or employee of TAB NZ appointed at least 1 month before the date on which the audit is to be conducted.
Before appointing a person under subclause 1 , TAB NZ must consult, and obtain the approval of, the Minister in relation to the proposed appointment. If the Minister is not satisfied with the proposed appointment, the Minister may appoint a person to conduct the audit.
Compare: No s C 10 — 12 ; No 3 Schedule 2 cl 3. Compare: No s C 13 ; No 3 Schedule 2 cl 4. Compare: No s C 14 ; No 3 Schedule 2 cl 5. Compare: No s C 15 , 16 ; No 3 Schedule 2 cl 6. In Schedule 3 , replace the item relating to the Racing Act with:. In section 4 1 , insert in its appropriate alphabetical order:.
Repeal Schedule 8. In section 3 , repeal the definition of Agency. In section 3 1 , insert in its appropriate alphabetical order:. Replace section 5 8 with:. Despite any other provision of this Act, for the purposes of this Act, if any racing betting or sports betting within the meaning of section 5 1 of the Racing Industry Act is conducted by TAB NZ as defined in section 5 1 of that Act , the betting must be regarded as a supply of services by TAB NZ. In Schedule 1 , insert in its appropriate alphabetical order:.
In Schedule 7, part C, subpart 1, after clause 34 , insert:. Section 18 does not prevent the Commissioner communicating information to a person who is an employee of the Department of Internal Affairs that—. Replace regulation 6AB with:. This Act is administered by the Department of Internal Affairs.
New Zealand Legislation. Home Advanced search Browse About this site. Quick search HelpQuickSearch? My recent searches. Warning: Some amendments have not yet been incorporated. Search within this Act. Add to web feed Order a commercial print. Offshore betting charges and other matters. Consequential amendments, repeal, and revocation. Transitional, savings, and related provisions. Provisions relating to adjudicative committees and appeals tribunals.
Consequential amendments to other enactments. The Parliament of New Zealand enacts as follows:. TAB NZ members. Disclosure of interest. Confidentiality of information. Procedure of governing body. Method of contracting. In section 4 1 , insert in its appropriate alphabetical order: previous racing Acts means the Racing Act and the Racing Act Tax Administration Act No In Schedule 7, part C, subpart 1, after clause 34 , insert: 34A Department of Internal Affairs: offshore betting charges Section 18 does not prevent the Commissioner communicating information to a person who is an employee of the Department of Internal Affairs that— a the person is authorised by the department to receive; and.
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Territorial authority must adopt TAB venue policy. Adoption and review of TAB venue policy. It must promote wider ownership of racehorses and greyhounds, and best practice amongst racing clubs and racing events. It must also aim to improve the technology and efficiency of the industry, improve the atmosphere of race day events and improve the facilities of racing venues.
The TAB offers a wide range of totalisator and fixed-odds betting products. Just over 80 percent of the totalisator betting dollar is returned to the customer. The rest is returned to the racing and sporting codes, after tax and NZ Racing Board costs. The TAB has several different wagering channels, tailored to meet the requirements of its vastly varying customers:. The TAB initiated the world's first Government-run totalisator wagering service in Today a growing range of tote bet types is on offer, from win, place and each way to Poker and All Up bets, Easybets where the computer picks the runners, weighted towards the favourites, and Percentage betting to cut the cost of placing a bet.
In it added fixed-odds betting to its stable when the TAB began sports betting. Now 31 sporting codes are covered including matches and fixtures around the world, from rugby football , soccer and cricket to sheep shearing. As with race betting, a proportion of every betting dollar is returned to the New Zealand sporting code on which the bet is taken. More recently the Tabcorp agreement has been extended to include Australian wagering on New Zealand racing product.
Commingled pools and the expansion of the New Zealand and Australian race programmes provides increased wagering opportunities for customers in both countries. The New Zealand Racing Board, under the Racing Act and associated Regulations, is required to report on programmes relating to problem gambling , to provide information and advice on problem gambling and to provide problem gambling training.
Since its establishment the NZ Racing Board has taken a proactive stance in meetings its responsibilities for harm prevention and minimisation. Initiatives include:. Racing is a long-established sport in New Zealand, with a tradition stretching back to colonial times. Today, the New Zealand racing industry is a major contributor to the New Zealand economy as well as local communities across New Zealand. More than 40, people derive their livelihoods from the New Zealand racing industry, not to mention accommodation, travel, fashion and entertainment providers who all benefit from the industry's economic wellbeing.
There are 69 thoroughbred , 51 harness and 12 greyhound clubs licensed to race in New Zealand. Racecourses are situated in 59 locations throughout New Zealand. In the racing year from 1 August to 31 July , 10, races were held throughout New Zealand. New Zealand-bred runners compete very well overseas and regularly win major races, with a particularly good record in Australian distance races.
A major source of funding for the racing industry is returns from betting on racing and sports, which is conducted by the New Zealand TAB, the retail arm of the New Zealand Racing Board. The New Zealand Racing Board is a co-ordination point for the three racing codes. The Judicial Control Authority JCA , established in , is the legal body that administers the rules of racing and conducts inquiries into breaches of the rules, for all three racing codes.